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Phenox HPC and Phenox flow modulation devices for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract

Background Surface-modified flow diverters are increasingly used in clinical settings. However, their safety profiles and additional benefits over non-coated devices still need to be explored. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to investigate and compare the clinical outcomes of the uncoated Phenox and coated Phenox HPC flow diverters.

Methods A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Collected data were pooled and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Outcomes of interest included aneurysm occlusion (>6 months) and complication rates. Additionally, the safety outcomes of prophylactic single (SAPT) and dual antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) approaches were compared for patients treated with coated Phenox HPC flow diverters.

Results We included 17 studies with 1238 patients. The overall complete occlusion rates were 80% (95% CI 74.01% to 86.56%) for Phenox HPC and 71.3% (95% CI 59.71% to 85.20%) for non-coated Phenox flow diverters (p=0.24). Ischemic complication rates were 7.3% (95% CI 4.6% to 11.39%) with the Phenox HPC and 5.3% (95% CI 4.07% to 6.91%) with the Phenox (p=0.24). For patients treated with Phenox HPC, the SAPT (5.5%; 95% CI 2.83% to 10.85%) and DAPT (7.1%; 95% CI 1.23% to 41.45%) approaches resulted in comparable ischemic complication rates (p=0.79). The DAPT group (4.8%; 95% CI 1.46% to 16.24%) had higher hemorrhagic complication rates than the SAPT group (1.7%; 95% CI 0.52% to 6.09%), but the difference was not statistically significant for patients treated with Phenox HPC (p=0.25).

Conclusions Our findings indicate that Phenox HPC is equally as safe and effective as non-coated Phenox devices. Additionally, our results suggest that prasugrel monotherapy might effectively prevent ischemic complications in patients treated with Phenox HPC flow diverters.

  • Aneurysm
  • Device
  • Flow Diverter

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

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