Background Clopidogrel (CPG)-based dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in combination with aspirin has been widely used before endovascular procedures for intracranial aneurysms to prevent procedural thromboembolic complication (TEC). However, the main drawback of CPG is the high proportion of hyporesponders. This study sought to investigate the usefulness of tailored DAPT using novel P2Y12 inhibitors (prasugrel or ticagrelor, (PSG/TCG)) guided by a platelet reactivity test (PRT), compared with CPG-based conventional DAPT.
Method Data were extracted from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials by two independent reviewers. A random effects model was used to investigate the procedural TEC and hemorrhagic complications (HEC) of the tailored DAPT and conventional therapy by risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Additionally, we performed subgroup analyses to directly compare prasugrel/ticagrelor with CPG.
Results Six studies comprising 2557 patients were included in the analysis. Compared with conventional non-tailored therapy, PRT-guided tailored DAPT with PSG/TCG was associated with a lower risk of TEC (RR 0.40, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.74, P=0.004) without increasing HEC rates. The subgroup analysis showed that the switch to PSG/TCG in CPG hyporesponders was related to a lower incidence of TEC (RR 0.46, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.95, P=0.03) without a difference in HEC, compared with maintenance of CPG in CPG responders.
Conclusion Evidence from this analysis supports PRT-guided tailored DAPT (using PSG/TCG) as a better choice for preparation towards endovascular procedures to treat aneurysms. Furthermore, it suggests that PSG/TCG is not limited to the role of a substitute for CPG but may be a first-line agent for DAPT.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors KMJ made substantial contributions to the conception and design of the work, acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data and drafted the work, gave final approval of the published version, and agrees to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. JSJ and HC made substantial contributions to the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data, revised it critically for important intellectual content, gave final approval of the published version, and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. YDC is responsible for the overall content and is the guarantor of the entire work. He accepts full responsibility for the work and conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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