Backgrounds Recent trials have shown improved outcomes after mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for vertebrobasilar occlusion (VBO) stroke. However, there is a paucity of data regarding safety and outcomes of rescue intracranial stenting (RS) after failed MT (FRRS+) for posterior circulation stroke. We sought to compare RS to failed reperfusion without RS (FRRS−).
Methods This is a retrospective analysis of the Stenting and Angioplasty in NeuroThrombectomy (SAINT) study, a multicenter collaboration involving prospectively collected databases. Patients were included if they had posterior circulation stroke and failed MT. The cohort was divided into two groups: FRRS+ and FRRS− (defined as modified Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) score 0–2a). The primary outcome was a shift in the degree of disability as measured by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days. Secondary outcomes included mRS 0–2 and mRS 0–3 at 90 days. Safety measures included rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), procedural complications, and 90-day mortality. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses were performed to identify outcomes in a matched cohort and in those with VBO, respectively.
Results A total of 152 failed thrombectomies were included in the analysis. FRRS+ (n=84) was associated with increased likelihood of lower disability (acOR 2.24, 95% CI 1.04 to 4.95, P=0.04), higher rates of mRS 0–2 (26.8% vs 12.5%, aOR 4.43, 95% CI 1.22 to 16.05, P=0.02) and mRS 0–3 (35.4% vs 18.8%, aOR 3.13, 95% CI 1.08 to 9.10, P=0.036), and lower mortality (42.7% vs 59.4%, aOR 0.40, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.97, P=0.04) at 90 days compared with FRRS− (n=68). The rates of sICH and procedural complications were comparable between the groups. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses showed similar results.
Conclusion In patients with posterior circulation stroke who had failed MT, RS resulted in better functional outcomes with comparable safety profile to procedure termination.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. Only de-identified data were used.
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Contributors MHM: study conception, design of the work, statistical analysis, interpretation of data, drafting of the manuscript, responsible for the overall content as the guarantor. HAN: interpretation of data, drafting of the manuscript. RGN: interpretation of data, critical revision of manuscript. Other co-authors: critical revision of manuscript. All authors gave final approval of the version to be published and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests RGN reports consulting fees for advisory roles with Stryker Neurovascular, Cerenovus, Medtronic, Phenox, Anaconda, Genentech, Biogen, Prolong Pharmaceuticals, Imperative Care and stock options for advisory roles with Brainomix, Viz-AI, Corindus Vascular Robotics, Vesalio, Ceretrieve, Astrocyte and Cerebrotech. DCH is a consultant for Stryker and Vesalio and holds stock options at Viz.AI. ARA is a consultant for Stryker Neurovascular. AEH - 1. Consultant/speaker: Medtronic, Microvention, Stryker, Penumbra, Cerenovus, Genentech, GE Healthcare, Scientia, Balt, Viz.ai, Insera therapeutics, Proximie, NovaSignal and Vesalio. 2. Principal investigator: COMPLETE study Penumbra, LVO SYNCHRONISE-Viz.ai. 3. Steering committee/publication committee member: SELECT, DAWN, SELECT 2, EXPEDITE II, EMBOLISE, CLEAR. 4. Proctor: Pipeline, FRED, Wingspan, and Onyx. 5. Supported by grants from: GE Healthcare. TNN: advisory board for Idorsia, Brainomix. SOG reports consulting fees for advisory roles with Stryker Neurovascular, Medtronic and microvention. Research support from Medtronic, Stryker, Microvention, VizAI. AA is consultant for Cerenovus. JB is an Advisory Board Member and consultant for Longeviti Neuro Solutions, and Consultant for Q’Apel Medical. BG is a consultant for Medtronic and Microvention. RAH is a consultant for Medtronic, Stryker, Cerenovus, Microvention, Balt, Phenox, Rapid Medical, and Q’Apel, advisory board for MiVI, eLum, Three Rivers, Shape Medical and Corindus. Unrestricted research grant from NIH, Interline Endowment, Microvention, Stryker, CNX. Investor/stockholder for InNeuroCo, Cerebrotech, eLum, Endostream, Three Rivers Medical Inc, Scientia, RisT, BlinkTBI, and Corindus. ES reports a speakers’ agreement with Stryker. AA is on the advisory board for iSchema View. JES reports consulting fees from Ceribell, speakers’ bureau for AstraZeneca (both unrelated to the present work).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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