Augmented reality (AR) has emerged as a promising technology in various medical fields.1 2 In the context of brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) surgery, AR offers the potential to enhance surgical visualization and improve procedural accuracy.3 ,4 ,5 6 This report aims to explore the application of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) from an IV contrast injection (IV-DSA) in AR-guided resection of bAVMs in a neurosurgical hybrid operating room.
The workflow of IV-DSA-based AR-guided surgery for the resection of bAVMs consists of four main components: (1) acquiring source images through i-Flow tailored or multiphase scans (Siemens, Germany); (2) labelling targets in the workstation using Smartbrush software (Brainlab, Westchester, Illinois, USA); (3) using the Brainlab Curve navigation system; and (4) merging microscopic AR fusion using Zeiss Kinevo (AG, Germany). In video 1 we show the entire workflow and introduce i-Flow tailored IV-DSA data acquisition in the hybrid operating room. In summary, IV-DSA-based augmented reality is an innovative technique for bAVM surgery.
- Arteriovenous Malformation
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Contributors Data acquisition: CH-L, KC-C. Drafting: CW-H. Design and final approval: YS-T.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.