Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original research
Low body mass index patients have worse outcomes after mechanical thrombectomy


Background There is evidence that frailty is an independent predictor of worse outcomes after stroke. Similarly, although obesity is associated with a higher risk for stroke, there are multiple reports describing improved mortality and functional outcomes in higher body mass index (BMI) patients in a phenomenon known as the obesity paradox. We investigated the effect of low BMI on outcomes after mechanical thrombectomy (MT).

Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of 231 stroke patients who underwent MT at an academic medical center between 2020–2022. The patients’ BMI data were collected from admission records and coded based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) obesity guidelines. Recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) in R software was employed to automatically detect a BMI threshold associated with a significant survival benefit. Frailty was quantified using the Modified Frailty Index 5 and 11.

Results In our dataset, by CDC classification, 2.6% of patients were underweight, 27.3% were normal BMI, 30.7% were overweight, 19.9% were class I obese, 9.5% were class II obese, and 10% were class III obese. There were no significant differences between these groups. RPA identified a clinically significant BMI threshold of 23.62 kg/m2. Independent of frailty, patients with a BMI ≤23.62 kg/m2 had significantly worse overall survival (P<0.001) and 90-day modified Rankin Scale (P=0.027) than patients above the threshold.

Conclusions Underweight patients had worse survival and functional outcomes after MT. Further research should focus on the pathophysiology underlying poor prognosis in underweight MT patients, and whether optimizing nutritional status confers any neuroprotective benefit.

  • Stroke
  • Thrombectomy
  • Intervention
  • Thrombolysis
  • CT perfusion

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.