Tandem occlusions, characterized by the simultaneous presence of an intracranial large vessel occlusion and extracranial carotid artery stenosis or occlusion,1 pose a unique endovascular challenge.2 3 Typically, the extracranial occlusion is a result of atherosclerotic plaque; however, dissections are also a possible cause. It is currently uncertain whether an intracranial first approach or an extracranial first approach should be employed.4 5 A new technique has been developed which allows for the simultaneous treatment of both the intracranial and the extracranial lesion.6 We describe a variation of this technique: the stent retriever for tandem acute revascularization technique (START), which consists of simultaneously treating the intracranial lesion with stent retriever and contact aspiration, and the extracranial lesion with balloon angioplasty. We present a technical video explaining all the steps of START.(video 1)
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AF and GZ are joint first authors.
AF and GZ contributed equally.
Contributors All authors contributed significantly to this manuscript. The first two authors contributed equally to this manuscript and should be considered as co-first authors.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.