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Original research
Location specific rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms: case of ophthalmic aneurysms

Abstract

Background Aneurysm location is a key element in predicting the rupture risk of an intracranial aneurysm. A common impression suggests that pure ophthalmic aneurysms are under-represented in ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs). The purpose of this study was to specifically evaluate the risk of rupture of ophthalmic aneurysms compared with other aneurysm locations.

Methods This multicenter study compared the frequency of ophthalmic aneurysms in a prospective cohort of RIAs admitted to 13 neuroradiology centers between January 2021 and March 2021, with a retrospective cohort of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) who underwent cerebral angiography at the same neuroradiology centers during the same time period.

Results 604 intracranial aneurysms were included in this study (355 UIAs and 249 RIAs; mean age 57 years (IQR 49–65); women 309/486, 64%). Mean aneurysm size was 6.0 mm (5.3 mm for UIAs, 7.0 mm for RIAs; P<0.0001). Aneurysm shape was irregular for 37% UIAs and 73% RIAs (P<0.0001). Ophthalmic aneurysms frequency was 14.9% of UIAs (second most common aneurysm location) and 1.2% of RIAs (second least common aneurysm location; OR 0.07 (95% CI 0.02 to 0.23), P<0.0001).

Conclusions Ophthalmic aneurysms seem to have a low risk of rupture compared with other intracranial aneurysm locations. This calls for a re-evaluation of the benefit–risk balance when considering preventive treatment for ophthalmic aneurysms.

  • Aneurysm

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

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