Table 1

The demographics of our series of congenital pial fistulas to demonstrate the sex distribution, age at presentation and treatment, the location and presenting symptoms.

PatientSexAge at Dx (months)Age at Rx (months)Interval (months)PresentationLocation
1FPrenatal44Prenatal screening, ventriculomegalyL medial temporo-occipital
2F3 weeks3 weeks0ICHL posterior temporal
3F14162Prominent facial veinsR posterior temporal
4MNeonate1010CHF, pulmonary HTL medial temporal
5M24240SeizuresR medial frontal
6M792Macrocephaly, seizuresL posterior temporal
7F7103Macrocephaly, developmental delayR cerebellar
8FNeonate77CHF, bluish discolorationL occipital
9F18213Staring spells, breathlessnessL cerebellar
10M62631HeadacheL temporoparietal
11M364812Headache, right hemiparesisL frontoparietal
12M20200SeizuresR medial pareito-occipital
13FNeonate00CHFR medial temporal
14FPrenatal00CHFL parasagittal
15F48480ICHR cerebellar
16M60633Increased head circumferenceR cerebellar
Cutaneous markers, FH of AVM
  • AVM, arteriovenous malformation; CHF, congestive heart failure; FH, family history; F, female; HT, hypertension; ICH, intracerebral hemorrhage; L, left; M, male; R, right.