TableĀ 3

Meta-analysis results: complications

OutcomeNo of studiesOR (95% CI)p Value
Adjacent level fracture131.04 (0.60 to 1.80)0.89
Extraosseous cement leakage, overall190.40 (0.28 to 0.57)<0.01
Refractures30.29 (0.12 to 71)0.01
Extraosseous cement leakage, symptomatic40.54 (0.12 to 2.47)0.42
New fractures120.73 (0.53 to 1.01)0.06
  • OR <1 indicates lower complication rates for kyphoplasty relative to vertebroplasty.