Table 2

Univariable associations of various outcome measures in two propensity-matched groups (Apollo-assisted hematoma evacuation or medical management)

VariablesApollo-assisted hematoma evacuation (n=18)Medical management (n=54)P value
Discharge NIHSS, median (IQR), points21 (15–42)42 (14–42)0.365
Intensive care unit length of stay, median (IQR), days9 (7–12)9 (6–12)0.497
Hospital lenght of stay, mean±SD12.7±7.415.3±13.40.307
Withdrawal of care, %28%46%0.269
In-hospital mortality, n (%)5 (28)30 (56)0.041
Poor discharge disposition,* n (%)13 (72)43 (80)0.512
mRS-score at discharge5 (5–6)6 (5–6)0.407†
mRS-score at 3 months‡5 (4–6)6 (4–6)0.521†
3-month mortality, n (%)6 (38%)32 (60%)0.107
Good functional outcome at discharge,§ n (%)1 (6)9 (17)0.285
  • *Defined as discharge disposition to skilled nursing facility, nursing home, hospice, or morgue.

  • †Missing 3 months mRS data for six patients (three Apollo, three medial management).

  •   §Defined as mRS 0–3 at discharge.

  • §Assessed with the Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel test.

  • IQR, Iinterquartile range; mRS, modified Rankin Score; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.