Table 1

Patient demographics and lesion characteristics for seven eligible studies assessing radial access for carotid artery stenting

StudyGao et al, 2 01815 Mendiz et al, 201614 Ruzsa et al, 20 142 Etxegoien et al, 201211 Patel et al, 201012 Pinter et al, 200713 Folmar et al, 200710 Totalµ (±SE)
Study typeRetrospective case–controlRetrospective case–controlProspective
RCT
RetrospectiveProspectiveRetrospectiveProspective
Country (Centers, n)China (1)Argentina (1)Multicenter (3)USA (1), Macedonia (1)USA (1)Germany (1)USA (1)
Years1999–20162010–20122005–20122005–20112006–200820062005–2006
Patients
No (n)28101130382202042723
Male (n)138079279171426508 (70.3%)
Mean age (years)72.071.066.868.065.072.071.069.4 (±1.1)
Radial artery eligibilityPositive Allen testPositive Allen testPositive Allen testNRVascular DopplerPositive Allen testNR
Pre-procedural stenosis (±SD)86.5%
(±10.2)
85.7%
(±7.5)
82.6%
(NR)
NR90.0%
(±1.0)
NR90.0%
(±1.0)
87.0%
(±1.4)
Left side (n)
Right side (n)
12 (42.9%)
16 (57.1%)
44 (43.6%)
57 (56.4%)
57 (43.8%)
73 (56.2%)
166 (43.5%)
216 (56.5%)
8 (40.0%)
12 (60.0%)
8 (40.0%)
12 (60.0%)
13 (31.0%)
29 (69.0%)
308 (42.6%)
415 (57.4%)
Aortic arch (n)
 Type I01286NRNR16NR114 (40.8%)
 Type II–III168944NRNR4NR153 (54.8%)
 Bovine12NRNR140453.5 (7.1%)
Procedural time (min)NRNR27.53840673040.5 (±7.0)
Hospitalization (days)6.4NR1.4NR3122.7 (±1.0)
Technique Most common
Diagnostic sheath6 Fr5 Fr4F/5F5F6F5F5F/6F5F
Diagnostic catheter
If bovine LCCA
5F Simmons-15F Simmmons-15F Simmmons-15F Simmons-1
Judkins R 4
5F Simmons-1
5F TIG
5F Simmons-2
5F JB1
5F Simmons-1
5F AR2
5F Simmons-1
Exchange guidewireNot requiredSuperStiff AmplatzNot specifiedSuperStiff AmplatzSuperStiff AmplatzSuperStiff Amplatz0.036 inch J-wireSuper Stiff Amplatz
Guide sheath6F guide catheter
(Cordis)
6F 90 cm
Shuttle
(Cook)
6F 90 cm
Shuttle
(Cook)
6F 90 cm Shuttle
(Cook)
6F 90 cm Destination
(Terumo)
6/7F 90 cm Destination
(Terumo)
6F 90 cm Shuttle
(Cook)
6F 90 cm Shuttle
(Cook)
Distal protectionFilterwire EZ (Boston)Angioguard RX (Cordis)Filterwire EZ (Boston)Emboshield (Abbott)Yes
Not specified
Yes
Not specified
Yes
Not specified
Variable
Pre-stent balloonVariableNot specifiedNot specifiedNot usedVoyager
(Abbott)
Ultrasoft
(Boston)
Maverick
(Boston)
Variable
Stent
(most common)
Crital Ideale
(Invatec)
Acculink
(Guidant)
Wallstent (Boston)Xact
(Abbott)
Not reportedZilver
(Cook)
Not reportedVariable
Closure techniqueBandage roll compressionTourniquet 6 hourTourniquet 6 hourHemostatic deviceTR band (Terumo)Syringe compressionCompression deviceVariable
RAO diagnostic criteriaRadial pulse+DopplerNRRadial pulse+DopplerReverse Allen testNRRadial pulseNRVariable
  • LCCA, left common carotid artery; RAO, radial artery occlusion; RCT, randomized controlled trial.