Table 3

EFI versus DFI

EFI (n=73)DFI (n=85)P value
Mean age (SD)65.3 (14.3)67.0 (15.4)0.492
Male sex, % (n)50.7 (37)48.2 (41)0.873
Mean NIHSS score (SD)13.2 (5.7)16.9 (6.3)0.191
Median ASPECTS (IQR)9 (9–10)9 (9–10)0.219
Mean TLKW to arrival (SD)398.2 (382.5)544.1 (669.6)0.109
TLKW to arrival >6 hours, % (n)32.9 (24)37.6 (32)0.617
Hypertension, % (n)63.0 (46)67.1 (57)0.619
Hyperlipidemia, % (n)46.6 (34)44.7 (38)0.873
Diabetes mellitus, % (n)13.7 (10)20.0 (17)0.397
Atrial fibrillation, % (n)28.8 (21)29.4 (25)1.000
Smoking, % (n)32.9 (24)31.8 (27)1.000
Prior stroke, % (n)17.8 (13)12.9 (11)0.506
CAD/CHF, % (n)28.8 (21)22.4 (19)0.366
Occlusion location: internal carotid artery, % (n)28.8 (21)32.9 (28)0.608
IV tPA, % (n)41.1 (30)45.9 (39)0.630
mTICI ≥2c, % (n)23.3 (17)14.1 (12)0.154
Follow-up infarct volume (mL)10.2±11.237.2±39.4<0.001
PH1/2, % (n)6.8 (5)15.3 (13)0.132
  • ASPECTS, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score; CAD, coronary artery disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; DFI, delayed functional independence; EFI, early functional independence; mTICI, modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; PH, parenchymal hemorrhage; TKLW, time last known well; tPA, tissue plasminogen activator.