Table 4

Reasons for conversion from radial access

Conversion caseReason for conversion
1Radial loop encountered that could not be straightened due to anatomy and arterial spasm
2Unable to access left ICA due to proximal CCA loop and significant subclavian-innominate curvature
3Left sided access due to right aberrant subclavian artery, unable to access bilateral ICAs due to significant tortuosity
  • CCA, common carotid artery; ICA, internal carotid artery.