Table 2

Association between intracranial hemorrhage and patient outcome

HeadingFunctional independence*Mortality
N (%)ORP valueN (%)ORP value
No ICH (n=337)166 (49.3)1NA38 (11.3)1NA
ICH (n=253)48 (19.0)0.24 (0.17–0.35)<0.00170 (27.7)3.01 (1.95–4.65)<0.001
Symptomatic or not
 sICH (n=31)†1 (3.2)0.034 (0.005–0.26)0.00121 (67.7)16.5 (7.2–37.7)<0.001
 aICH (n=222)47 (21.2)0.28 (0.19–0.41)<0.00149 (22.1)2.23 (1.40–3.54)0.001
ICH subtype‡
 HI (n=139)28 (20.0)0.25 (0.16–0.40)<0.00133 (23.6)2.45 (1.46–4.11)0.001
 PH (n=83)13 (15.7)0.19 (0.10–0.36)0.00126 (31.3)3.59 (2.02–6.37)<0.001
 Others (n=24)8 (33.3)0.52 (0.22–1.24)0.146 (25.0)2.62 (0.98–7.01)0.055
  • *Functional independence denotes modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0–2 at the 90-day follow-up.

  • †Patient follow-up was lost in 1 patient.

  • ‡ICH Heidelberg Bleeding Classification subtype information was lost in 7 patients and patient follow-up was lost in 1 patient.

  • aICH, asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage; HI, hemorrhagic infarction; ICH, intracranial hemorrhage; OR, odds ratio; PH, parenchymal hematoma; sICH, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage.