Background The number of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) passes is strongly associated with angiographic reperfusion as well as clinical outcomes in patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke. However, these associations have not been analyzed in patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO). We investigated the influence of the number of MT passes on the degree of reperfusion and clinical outcomes, and compared outcome after ≤3 passes versus >3 passes.
Methods We used data from the prospective multicentric Endovascular Treatment in Ischemic Stroke (ETIS) Registry at 18 sites in France. Patients with BAO treated with MT were included. The primary outcome was a favorable outcome, defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0–3 at 90 days. We fit mixed multiple regression models, with center as a random effect.
Results We included 275 patients. Successful recanalization (modified Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) 2b-3) was achieved in 88.4%, and 41.8% had a favorable outcome. The odds ratio for favorable outcome with each pass above 1 was 0.41 (95% CI 0.23 to 0.73) and for recanalization (mTICI 2b-3) it was 0.70 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.87). In patients with ≤3 passes, the rate of favorable outcome in recanalized versus non-recanalized patients was 50.5% versus 10.0% (p=0.001), while in those with >3 passes it was 16.7% versus 15.2% (p=0.901).
Conclusions We found that BAO patients had a significant relationship between the number of MT passes and both recanalization and favorable functional outcome. We further found that the benefit of recanalization in BAO patients was significant only when recanalization was achieved within three passes, encouraging at least three passes before stopping the procedure.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. Data are available upon reasonable request from corresponding author.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
Twitter @gboulouis, @jildazz, @RaoulPop25
Collaborators Endovascular Treatment in Ischemic Stroke (ETIS) Investigators. Rothschild Foundation: Michel Piotin, Raphael Blanc, Hocine Redjem, Simon Escalard, Jean-Philippe Dessilles, François Delvoye, Stanislas Smajda, Benjamin Maier, Hebert Solène, Mikael Mazighi, Mikael Obadia, Candice Sabben, Pierre Seners, Igor Raynouard, Ovide Corabianu, Thomas de Broucker, Eric Manchon, Guillaume Taylor, Malek Ben Maacha, Laurie-Anne Thion, Augustin Lecler, Julien Savatovsjy.Foch Hospital: Adrien Wang, Serge Evrard, Maya Tchikviladze, Nadia Ajili, Bertrand Lapergue, David WeisenburgerLile, Lucas Gorza, Géraldine Buard, Oguzhan Coskun, Arturo Consoli, Federico Di Maria, Georges Rodesh, Sergio Zimatore, Morgan Leguen, Julie Gratieux, Fernando Pico, Haja Rakotoharinandrasana, Philippe Tassan, Roxanna Poll, Sylvie Marinier. CHU Bordeaux: Gaultier Marnat, Florent Gariel, Xavier Barreau, Jérôme Berge, Patrice Menegon, Igor Sibon, Ludovic Lucas, Stéphane Olindo, Pauline Renou, Sharmila Sagnier, Mathilde Poli, Sabrina Debruxelles, François Rouanet, Thomas Tourdias, Jean-Sebastien Liegey, Pierre Briau, Nicolas Pangon. CHU Nantes: Romain Bourcier, Lili Detraz, Benjamin Daumas-Duport, Pierre-Louis Alexandre, Monica Roy, Cédric Lenoble, Hubert Desal, Benoît Guillon, Solène de Gaalon, Cécile Preterre. CHRU-Nancy: Benjamin Gory, Serge Bracard, René Anxionnat, Marc Braun, Anne-Laure Derelle, Liang Liao, François Zhu, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Sophie Planel, Sébastien Richard, Lisa Humbertjean, Gioia Mione, Jean-Christophe Lacour, Marian Douarinou, Gérard Audibert, Marcela Voicu, Lionel Alb, Marie Reitter, Madalina Brezeanu, Agnès Masson, Adriana Tabarna, Iona Podar, Pauline Bourst, Valérie Georges, Sarah Guy, Fatiha Bechiri. CHU Limoges: Francisco Macian-Montoro, Suzanna Saleme, Charbel Mounayer, Aymeric Rouchaud, Laetitia Gimenez, Alexandre Cosnard. CHRU Gui de Chauliac: Vincent Costalat, Caroline Arquizan, Cyril Dargazanli, Grégory Gascou, Pierre-Henri Lefèvre, Imad Derraz, Carlos Riquelme, Nicolas Gaillard, Isabelle Mourand, Lucas Corti, Federico Cagnazzo, Adrien ter Schiphorst. CHU Rennes: Francois Eugene, Stéphane Vannier, Jean-Christophe Ferre, Hélène Raoult, Thomas Ronziere, Maria Lassale, Christophe Paya, Jean-Yves Gauvrit, Clément Tracol, Sophie Langnier-Lemercier, Axelle Maurice, Sabrina Cochennec, Mélanie Pinault. CHU Pitié-Salpétrière: Eimad Shotar, Nader Sourour, Stéphanie Lenck, Kévin Premat, Yves Samson Anne Léger, Sophie Crozier, Flore Baronnet, Sonia Alamowitch, Laure Bottin, Mathon Yger, Vincent Degos. CHU Kremlin-Bicêtre: Laurent Spelle, Christian Denier, Olivier Chassin, Vanessa Chalumeau, Jildaz Caroff, Olivier Chassin, Laura Venditti, Mariana Sarov, Nicolas Legris.Hôpital Saint Anne: Olivier Naggara, Wagih Ben Hassen, Grégoire Boulouis, Christine Rodriguez-Régent, Denis Trystram, Basile Kerleroux, Guillaume Turc, Pierre Seners, Valérie Domigo, Catherine Lamy, Julia Birchenall, Clothilde Isabel, François Lun. CHU Toulouse: Alain Viguier, Christophe Cognard, Anne Christine Januel, Jean-Marc Olivot, Nicolas Raposo, Fabrice Bonneville, Jean François Albucher, Lionel Calviere, Jean Darcourt, Guillaume Bellanger, Philippe Tall. CHU Caen: Emmanuel Touze, Charlotte Barbier, Romain Schneckenburger, Marion Boulanger, Julien Cogez, Sophie Guettier, Maxime Gauberti. CHU Brest: Serge Timsit, Jean-Christophe Gentric, Julien Ognard, Francois Mathias Merrien. CHU Rouen: Ozlem Ozku Wermester, Evelyne Massardier, Chrysanthi Papagiannaki, Aude Triquenot, Margeaux Lefebvre. CH Bayonne: Frédéric Bourdain, Patricia Bernady, Laurent Lagoarde-Segot, Hélène Cailliez, Louis Veunac, David Higue. CHU Strasbourg: Valérie Wolff, Veronique Quenardelle, Valerie Lauer, Roxana Gheoca, Irene Pierre-Paul, Raoul Pop, Remy Beaujeux, Dan Mihoc, Monica Manisor, Julien Pottecher, Alain Meyer, Thiên-Nga Chamaraux-Tran. CH Vannes: Anthony Le Bras, Sarah Evain, Arnaud Le Guen.
Contributors Dr de Havenon is responsible for all aspects of the study. Dr. Finitsis conducted the statistical analysis. Dr. Gory conceived of the study and assisted with drafting/editing of the manuscript. All other authors contributed to the drafting/editing and critical revisions of the manuscript, as well as data gathering.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.